Koi Varieties & Definitions

Text-To-Speech Koi Varieties & Definitions

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Pronounciation Guide

a (ah)
pronounced ah, as in pa, ma.
e (eh)
pronounced eh, as in lend, Beth, let.
i (ee)
pronounced ee, as in bee, he, machine.
o (oh)
pronounced oh, as in oak, ditto.
u (uu)
pronounced uu, as in moo, boo, loose.
ai (eye)
pronounced eye, as in pie, kite.
ei (aye)
pronounced aye, as in yeah, plate.
There is no ‘R’ sound in Japanese.


Ai Goromo (eye’ go row mow)
Indigo netting pattern on the Hi plates of a Kohaku pattern.
Aka Bekko
A red koi with black markings.
Aka Hajiro (ah’ ka ha’ jee row)
Red Koi with white fins and Motoaka at the base of the pectoral fins, developed from Benigoi.
Aka Matsuba (ah-Kah-maht-soo-bah)
An orange/red koi with reticulated (matsuba) pattern on the scales.
Aka Muji (ah’ ka moo’ jee)
A red scaled koi with no other colour, also called Higoi.
Aka Sanke
Hi covers almost entire head and body.
Asagi (ah’ sah gee)
Blue koi with a red belly, the primary pattern is the Fukurin that appears as a light net pattern over an indigo base, clear white head, may have Motoaka.
Asagi Hi
Secondary, undesirable hi appearing as freckles below the lateral line.
Asagi Magoi
An early ancestor of the modern Asagi.

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Bekko (beh koh’)
Means Tortoise shell, a solid colour koi with black spots.
Benigoi (ben’ ee goy)
Redder than Higoi, these are the truly red koi.
Beni Kujaku
An orange-red Kujaku with red markings all over the body.
Beni Kumonryu (ben’ ee coo mahn’ drue)
Kumonryu with red markings.
Boke Showa
A popular form of Showa, with blurred, greyish sumi.
Budo Goromo
A koi with a purplish, grape like pattern on its white body.
Budo Sanke
A koi with a pattern resembling that of Budo Goromo combined with solid black markings.
Bunka Sanke
A blue Sanke with shiny pectoral fins, Seen only as a baby koi.

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Chagoi (cha’ goy)
Brownish tea coloured, scaled koi (blue grey are Soragoi and greenish are Midorigoi).

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Doitsu Kujaku
A platinum koi with red markings over its body and black markings in the scales along the dorsal and lateral lines only.
Doitsu Yotsushiro (doyt’ zoo yoh-t sue she row)
Origin of Kumonryu; Yotsu means 4, Shiro means white – Koi with 4 white parts: the nose, tail and both pectoral fins.

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Flowery Kohaku
Many, small areas of hi. No recognizable step pattern.

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Gin Bekko
Basically a metallic Shiro Bekko.
Gin Kabuto
A black koi whose scales have silver edges. Now rejected as a poor Ogon.
Gin Matsuba
A metallic silver koi with a black ‘pine cone’ (matsuba) pattern in the scales.
Gin Shiro
A metallic Shiro Utsuri.
Gin Showa
A metallic Showa with a silver lustre.
A black koi with a silver metallic sheen. Now considered valueless.
A metallic Shusui with a silver lustre.
Goshiki (go’ she key)
Means 5 colours, Kohaku with blue net pattern on Shiroji and Hi, some Goshiki only have net on the Shirji, read and blues overlap into purples particularly on the head, non-metallic and this different from Kujyaku.
Goshiki Shusui
A Doitsu, non metallic blue Goshiki.
Goten Zakura
This koi has a cherry blossom pattern, the Hi is dappled and looks like clusters of graps.
Gotenzakura Kohaku
A cherry blossom patterned Kohaku.

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Hageshiro (ha geh’ she row)
A black koi with white on the head and on the tail and pectoral fin tips. (Hajiro with white head)
Hajiro (ha jee’ row)
Means white edges, black koi with white tips on fins, bred from Karasugoi.
Hana Shusui
A form of Shusui, also known as a flowery Shusui.
Hariwake (ha ree wah’ ke)
Means foiled, koi varieties included a metallic white and gold koi, gold can appear in a range of shades from yellow to red.
Hariwake Matsuba
A silver and yellow metallic koi with a black pattern in each of its scales.
Hesei Nishiki (Hay say neesh-kee)
German scaled metallic Sanke or Doitsu Yamato Nishiki.
Hi Asagi
An Asagi whose red marking extends over the lateral line.
Hi Botan
A koi resembling Bekko, derived from Utsuri lineage.
Higoi (hee goy’)
Solid red koi that is lighter in red than Benigoi, also referred to as AkaMuji.
Hi Showa
A predominantly red Showa.
Hi Shusui
A shusui whose red pattern spreads up from the belly and covers the back.
A black carp with red cheeks. An early ancestor of the modern Kohaku.

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Junidaira Showa
Very old Showa line.

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Karasu (or Karasugoi) (kah’ rah sue)
The crow or black Nishikigoi with no white (sometimes used to refer to black base).
Kigoi (key goy’)
Solid yellow non-metallic koi.
Kikokuryu (key coh coo’ dru)
Metallic Kumonryu.
Kikusui ( kee coo’ swee)
Doitsu Platinum koi with a Hi pattern, means a ‘Chrysanhemum in water’, is the same as a Doitsu Hariwake with red markings or a metallic Doitsu Kohaku.
Kin Ki Utsuri (keen’ key ooht’ sue ree)
Metallic black koi with gold markings where the gold can range in colour from yellow to red.
Kin Showa (keen’ show’ wa)
Metallic Showa Sanshoku.
Kohaku (coh’ ha coo)
White koi with red patches.
Koromo (ko’ row mow)
Means robed, Kohaku with net pattern on the Hi plates, eg. Aigoromo has blue net. (when the word is used alone, it start with a ‘K’, but when used in conjuction with a word like Ai, it starts with ‘G’.
Kujaku (coo-jah coo)
Means peacock – Kohaku pattern over Gin Matsuba, metallic Goshiki.
Kumonryu (ku mohn’ drue)
Means dragon, Doitsu black koi with random white patterns, patterns change continuously until mature.
Kurogoi (coo row’goy)
Black carp that was used as food – became the origin of Nishikigoi.
Kuzugoi (coo-zoo-goy)
Junk koi.

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Magoi (mah-goh-ee)
Wild carp that koi was developed from (Cyprimus carpio).
Midorigoi (me dough’ ree goy)
Yellow-green, non-metallic koi, could be Doitsu or scaled.
Midori Ogon (me dough’ ree oh’ gone)
Metallic Midorigoi with some Sumi (doitsu only).

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Nezu Ogon – (neh’ zoo oh’ gone)
Grey metallic scaled Koi.

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Ochibashigure (oh’ chee bah she goo reh’)
Means rain on autumn leaves, grey markings on either a brown, yellow or green koi.
Ogon (oh’ goh-n)
A single colour koi such as the metallic gold scaled koi variety Yamabuki Ogon.

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Pearl Shusui
A shusui with silver scales.
Platinum Kohaku
A metallic white koi with an overlaying hi pattern. Also known as Kin-fuji.
Platinum Ogon
A metallic white koi, also known as Purachina.
Good quality fish.
Purachina (pra-chin-a)
Platinum, a metallic white koi.

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Sakura Ogon
A metallic Kanoko Kohaku.
Sanke (sahn’ keh)
Short form for Taisho Sanshoku or Taisho Sanke – a Kohaku pattern with black spots that do not appear on the head or below the lateral line..Literally ‘tri colour’.
Shiro Bekko
A white koi with black markings.
Shiro Matsuba
A white koi with a black ‘pine cone’ pattern in the scales on the back.
Shiro Utsuri
A black koi with white markings.
An early name for Platinum Ogon.
White koi.
Shiro Muji (she row’ moo’ jee)
Regular scaled white koi with no pattern.
Showa (show’ wah)
Short for Showa Sanshoku, a black koi with red and white patches.
Shusui (shoe’ swee)
Means autumn colour, a Doitsu Asagi, blue koi with red on the belly and up the sides, clear white head with an indigo or black row of scales on either side of the dorsal fin, may have Motoaka and Hi in the dorsal fin.
A metallic Ai Goromo.
Black koi with red and white markings.
Showa Shusui
A koi with the strong sumi and pattern of a Showa and the underlying blue of a Shusui.
Doitsu Asagi.
Soragoi (sow rah’ goy)
A grey-blue, non metallic koi.
Sumi Goromo
An Ai-goromo whose koromo pattern is overlaid with solid markings.
A black koi with scale reticulation in white.

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Taki Sanke
An Asagi whose blue body colour is divided from the red markings on its sides by white line.
Taisho Sanshoku (tie’ show san’ show coo)
Proper name for Sanke or Taisho Sanke.
Tancho (tahn’ ch-oh)
Means red cap, koi whose only Hi is the round spot on the head, similar to red circle in middle of Japanese flag or a Tancho Crane.
Tategoi (t’at’ eh goy)
Koi with potential for further development to become very good, is not yet finished developing.
Tateshita – (ta-tay-shta)
No longer tategoi
Tetsu Magoi
Forerunner of the Showa,Chagoi and Ogon lines.
Tora Ogon
Metallic Ki Bekko, ‘tiger’ Ogon.
Tsubaki Sanke
Aka Sanke with a chain of sumi running the entire length of the koi.

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Utsuri (ooht’ sue ree)
Means reflection, black koi with batches of one other colour.

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Wagoi (wah’ goy)
Fully scaled koi – a Japanese koi as apposed to Doitsugoi.

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Yamabuki (yah-mah-boo-kee)
Yellow or a Japonica bush that has yellow flowers .
Yamabuki Hariwake
A silver koi with metallic yellow markings.
Yamabuki Ogon (yah’ ma boo key oh’ gone)
metallic yellow koi.
The result of a cross between a Sanke and a Fuji Ogon.
Metallic Sanke.
A koi with large armour scales all over its body.
“Five whites’. A black koi with white on the tail, pectoral and dorsal fins and on the head.

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An early Kohaku with a red forehead.


Hope this Text-To-Speech Koi Varieties & Definitions with  Japanese Speaking Avatar will help you with the koi varieties pronounciation.  Have fun!

By Blogger KoiLover