Koi Glossary

Alphabetical Order Koi Glossary

Pronounciation Guide

a (ah)
pronounced ah, as in pa, ma.
e (eh)
pronounced eh, as in lend, Beth, let.
i (ee)
pronounced ee, as in bee, he, machine.
o (oh)
pronounced oh, as in oak, ditto.
u (uu)
pronounced uu, as in moo, boo, loose.
ai (eye)
pronounced eye, as in pie, kite.
ei (aye)
pronounced aye, as in yeah, plate.
There is no ‘R’ sound in Japanese.

A

Ago
Sumi on the gill plate.
Ai (eye)
Indigo blue eg., the red scales of an “Ai Goromo” are outlined in blue.
Ai Goromo (eye’ go row mow)
Indigo netting pattern on the Hi plates of a Kohaku pattern.
Ai-No-Fuki (eye’ no foo’ key)
Appearance of indigo crescents on the Hi plates, such as in Aigoromo.
Ai-Sashi (eye sa’ she)
The indigo Sashi on Aigoromo that is the base of the Aigoromo name.
Aizumi
Sumi on the gill plate.
Aka (ah’ kah)
A general word meaning red, (usually as red base), can be used as a variety identification.
Akabana
Red nose, refers to a Kouhaku with a distinct red pattern that is localized to the nose.
Aka Bekko
A red koi with black markings.
Aka Hana
Red nose.
Aka Hajiro (ah’ ka ha’ jee row)
Red Koi with white fins and Motoaka at the base of the pectoral fins, developed from Benigoi.
Aka Matsuba (ah-Kah-maht-soo-bah)
An orange/red koi with reticulated (matsuba) pattern on the scales.
Akame (ah-kah-may)
An eye with a red iris or albino eye. Most often seen in Kigoi.
Aka Muji (ah’ ka moo’ jee)
A red scaled koi with no other colour, also called Higoi.
Aka Sanke
Hi covers almost entire head and body.
Albino
A strain usually demonstrated by red eyes.
Amime
Mesh or ‘eyes’ of scales in a net pattern.
Ami
Net.
Aragoke
Large armour scales.
Aru
round
Asagi (ah’ sah gee)
Blue koi with a red belly, the primary pattern is the Fukurin that appears as a light net pattern over an indigo base, clear white head, may have Motoaka.
Asagi Hi
Secondary, undesirable hi appearing as freckles below the lateral line.
Asagi Magoi
An early ancestor of the modern Asagi.
Atama ga hageru
Clearness of head, clean, clear head.
Atama
Head crown.
Ato sumi
Submerged black beneath the surface that appears as the koi grows.

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B

Bekko (beh koh’)
Means Tortoise shell, a solid colour koi with black spots.
Beni (ben’ knee)
Holds the impression of a stronger red, usually a red base.
Beni Iro
Deep red, crimson.
Benigoi (ben’ ee goy)
Redder than Higoi, these are the truly red koi.
Beni Kujaku
An orange-red Kujaku with red markings all over the body.
Beni Kumonryu (ben’ ee coo mahn’ drue)
Kumonryu with red markings.
Beret Hi
A symmetrical head hi on one side only.
Beta Gin
Probably the finest type of Kinginrin, where the whole surface of each scale sparkles.
Bire
‘Fire’, a name used for the specific red patterning on Asagi and Shusui.
Boke (Boh-kee)
A blurred or grey-black area of a black pattern.
Boke Showa
A popular form of Showa, with blurred, greyish sumi.
Bongiri
Missing beni pattern on back half of the fish.
Beta Gin
Probably the finest type of Kinginrin, where the whole surface of each scale sparkles.
Bozu
No pattern on the head- bald.
Bu (boo)
Section.
Budo (boo-doh)
Arrangement of coloured scales resembling a bunch of grapes.
Budo Goromo
A koi with a purplish, grape like pattern on its white body.
Budo Sanke
A koi with a pattern resembling that of Budo Goromo combined with solid black markings.
Bunka Sanke
A blue Sanke with shiny pectoral fins, Seen only as a baby koi.

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C

Cha (chah)
Brown.
Chagoi (cha’ goy)
Brownish tea coloured, scaled koi (blue grey are Soragoi and greenish are Midorigoi).
Chidare Hi
Streaking hi along the side of the koi.
Chigyo
Unsorted fry.
Choman (cha-man)
Stomach problem such as a tumor.
Chupa
Medium quality fish.

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D

Dagoi
Poor quality fish.
Dainichi
Famous Go-Sanke lineage of koi.
Dan
Step.
Dangara or Danmoyo
Stepped pattern (the pattern for a colour is not one solid block).
Dia (die-ya)
Diamond.
Dou (dough)
Trunk.
Doh Hi (dough’ he)
Hi on the body.
Doh Zumi (dough’ zoo mee)
Sumi on the body.
Doitsu (doyt’ zoo or dwah-tsoo)
Scale-less – German carp that are not fully scaled, usually with a row of scales along each lateral line and a row on either side of the dorsal fin. Has been crossbread with koi to create new varieties of koi.
Doitsu Kujaku
A platinum koi with red markings over its body and black markings in the scales along the dorsal and lateral lines only.
Doitsu Yotsushiro (doyt’ zoo yoh-t sue she row)
Origin of Kumonryu; Yotsu means 4, Shiro means white – Koi with 4 white parts: the nose, tail and both pectoral fins.
Doware
Large white area of a pattern.

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E

Ere
Gill.

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F

Flowery Kohaku
Many, small areas of hi. No recognizable step pattern.
Fuji
The almost metallic finish on the head of some young non metallic koi.
Fukurin (foo kah ren)
Skin that grows out from under the scales, creates a netting pattern.

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G

Gaijin
Foreigner.
Gaku Hi
Red on upper part of face (forehead).
Giku
Relates to the swimming mode of a koi with a deformed body.
Gin (geen)
Colour of silver, metallic.
Gin Bekko
Basically a metallic Shiro Bekko.
Gin Kabuto
A black koi whose scales have silver edges. Now rejected as a poor Ogon.
Gin Matsuba
A metallic silver koi with a black ‘pine cone’ (matsuba) pattern in the scales.
Gin Rin (Gen ren)
aka Kin Gin Rin, Glittering white scales
Gin Shiro
A metallic Shiro Utsuri.
Gin Showa
A metallic Showa with a silver lustre.
Ginbo
A black koi with a silver metallic sheen. Now considered valueless.
Ginrin
The more commonly used term for Kinginrin, referring to sparkling scale types.
Ginsui
A metallic Shusui with a silver lustre.
Go (Go)
The number five.
Godan (Go-dan)
A Godan Kohaku has five Hi plates (5 step pattern).
Goi (goy)
Carp or koi.
Goma
‘Sesame’ or scattered sumi.
Gosai (go’ sigh)
5 years old.
Goshiki (go’ she key)
Means 5 colours, Kohaku with blue net pattern on Shiroji and Hi, some Goshiki only have net on the Shirji, read and blues overlap into purples particularly on the head, non-metallic and this different from Kujyaku.
Goshiki Shusui
A Doitsu, non metallic blue Goshiki.
Goten Zakura
This koi has a cherry blossom pattern, the Hi is dappled and looks like clusters of graps.
Gotenzakura Kohaku
A cherry blossom patterned Kohaku.

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H

Hachi
Head.
Hachi Hi
An early ancestor of the modern Kohaku.
Hachiware (ha’ chee wa reh)
Dividing pattern on the head, where part of the head is black and part is white.
Hada
Skin/sheen.
Hageru
No blurring on the head (relates to metallic varieties particularly.
Hageshiro (ha geh’ she row)
A black koi with white on the head and on the tail and pectoral fin tips. (Hajiro with white head)
Haka Shita
Sagging abdomen.
Hajiro (ha jee’ row)
Means white edges, black koi with white tips on fins, bred from Karasugoi.
Hanatsuki (ha not’ sue key)
Hi that extends down to the top of the mouth (undesirable).
Hana (hah nah)
Nose.
Hanzome
another way of saying kamisori-kiwa in which only part of the scale is covered by hi as opposed to maruzome in which the entire scale is covered in terms of the kiwa.
Hanazumi
A black pattern (or spot) around the mouth and nose area.
Hana Shusui
A form of Shusui, also known as a flowery Shusui.
Hara
Abdominal area.
Hariwake (ha ree wah’ ke)
Means foiled, koi varieties included a metallic white and gold koi, gold can appear in a range of shades from yellow to red.
Hariwake Matsuba
A silver and yellow metallic koi with a black pattern in each of its scales.
Heisei Period
Contemporary Japanese era.
Hesei Nishiki (Hay say neesh-kee)
German scaled metallic Sanke or Doitsu Yamato Nishiki.
Hi (hee)
red – (while Hi, Aka and Beni all mean red, there are subtle distinctions of usage) Hi usually refers to the red markings on the koi while Aka and Beni are generally an overall colour.
Hiagari
Intensity of the red colour.
Hi Asagi
An Asagi whose red marking extends over the lateral line.
Hi Botan
A koi resembling Bekko, derived from Utsuri lineage.
Hi Iro
Scarlet.
Hiban (he-ban)
Red pattern, such as a step on a Kohaku, also used to describe the orange, gold or yellow patterns on some other varieties.
Hige
Barbel.
Higoi (hee goy’)
Solid red koi that is lighter in red than Benigoi, also referred to as AkaMuji.
Hikari (hee’ ca ree)
Metallic.
Hikarimono (hee-kah-ree-moh-noh)
Any metallic koi.
Hikarimoyo (hee-kah-ree-moh-yoh)
Patterned metallic koi.
Hikari-moyomono
A classification including all metallic koi with two or more colours, except metallic Utsuri and Showa.
Hikarimuji (hee-kah-ree-moh-jee)
Single colour metallic koi.
Hikari Utsurimono
Metallic Utsuri and Showa.
Hi-moyo (hee moy’ oh)
Red pattern, as in Kohaku.
Himozumi
String-like, thin sumi pattern.
Hinomaru
Sun rising.
Hinpyokai
Koi show.
Hire (hee-ray)
Fin.
Hirenaga koi
Long-finned or butterfly koi,(not accepted as a koi variety in Japan).
Hiroshima Kinginrin
Kin Gin Rin as ‘cracked glass’ or diamond gin rin. Scales have bright lines runing across them.
Hishitsu
Quality of Hi (shitsu = quality).
Hi Showa
A predominantly red Showa.
Hi Shusui
A shusui whose red pattern spreads up from the belly and covers the back.
Hoaka
Hi over the gill plate.
Hon sumi
Lierally, ‘genuine sumi’, referring to the black Sanke markings on a Koromo Sanke.
Hoshi
Opening or window within the pattern.
Hookazuki
A black carp with red cheeks. An early ancestor of the modern Kohaku.

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I

Ichi (ee-chee)
The number one – not used as an age indicator but used in words like Ichiban which refers to the best or #1 or something.
Ichi bu
Size one.
Ichimatsumoyo
Chequered pattern. (ee’ chee maht sue) – Checkerd pattern.
Ike
Pond.
Ikeage
Harvest.
Inazuma (een a zoo’ ma)
Japanese for lightning strike, continuous pattern extending from the lead to the tail that is zigzagged and looks like a lightening strike Ipponhi (ee pohn’ hee) – One long unbroken Hi plate (no other Hi step on the koi).
Ipponhi (ee pohn’ hee)
One long unbroken Hi plate (no other Hi step on the koi).
Iro
Colour.
Iroagari
The degree of colour intensity.
Iroage
The act of intensifying the various colours.
Iromono
The collective name for all metallic koi.

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J

Jari
Gravel.
Jarizumi
Scattered sumi.
Jihada
Texture of the skin.
Jinbei
Sanke line of koi.
Juji
Cross shape.
Junidaira Showa
Very old Showa line.
Jyami (ja’ me)
Small Sumi sots – indicates poor quality.

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K

Kado
Edge.
Kage (kah’ geh)
Shade, shadow or phantom pattern that appear where Sumi is unexpected, often seen as a dark greyish centre on a white scale.
Kakure Sumi
Hidden black which promises an even more stunning pattern waiting to emerge.
Kao
Face.
Kanoko (kah’ no coh)
A dappled pattern with red centres in scales, can appear in many varieties.
Karada
Body.
Karasu (or Karasugoi) (kah’ rah sue)
The crow or black Nishikigoi with no white (sometimes used to refer to black base).
Kasane Sumi (Kah-sahn-ay soo-mee)
Black on shiro, not on Hi (also seen described as on Hi).
Kata (kah tah)
Shoulder.
Kata-moyo
Pattern only on one side the fish.
Kata Zumi (kah tah’ zoo me)
Sumi patch or patches on the shoulders.
Katasuki
Koi that show a finished pattern early.
Kawari
Non-Metallic.
Kawagoi
Doitsu with only scales on the dorsal line.
Kawari mono (kah-wah-ree-moh-noh)
Unusual or different koi.
Ki (kee)
Yellow, used for non-metallic yellow such as Ki Ogon.
Kigoi (key goy’)
Solid yellow non-metallic koi.
Kikokuryu (key coh coo’ dru)
Metallic Kumonryu.
Kikusui ( kee coo’ swee)
Doitsu Platinum koi with a Hi pattern, means a ‘Chrysanhemum in water’, is the same as a Doitsu Hariwake with red markings or a metallic Doitsu Kohaku.
Kin (keen)
Colour of gold, metallic, like the shinny skin of a Yamabuki Ogon.
Kindai (kin-die)
Modern.
Kin Ki Utsuri (keen’ key ooht’ sue ree)
Metallic black koi with gold markings where the gold can range in colour from yellow to red.
Kin rin (kin rin)
Gold scale.
Kin Showa (keen’ show’ wa)
Metallic Showa Sanshoku.
Kiwa (key wa’)
Sharpness of all the edges of the pattern – sometimes just referred to as the back edge of the pattern.
Kohaku (coh’ ha coo)
White koi with red patches.
Koishi (Koi’ she)
Nishikigoi breeder.
Koiya
Koi dealer.
Kokeami
Line of scales.
Kokesuki (coh kes’ sue key)
Lighter area in the Hi plate due to an injury or loss of a scale, a fault.
Kokugyo
Best in size.
Koromo (ko’ row mow)
Means robed, Kohaku with net pattern on the Hi plates, eg. Aigoromo has blue net. (when the word is used alone, it start with a ‘K’, but when used in conjuction with a word like Ai, it starts with ‘G’.
Kuchi (coo’ chee)
Mouth or lips.
Kuchibeni (coo’ chee ben ee)
Red colour on the lips/mouth, just like lipstick.
Kuchi Zui (coo’ chee zoo’ me)
Sumi on the mouth.
Kujaku (coo-jah coo)
Means peacock – Kohaku pattern over Gin Matsuba, metallic Goshiki.
Kumonryu (ku mohn’ drue)
Means dragon, Doitsu black koi with random white patterns, patterns change continuously until mature.
Kuragake (coo rah’gah key)
Saddle shaped, referring to shape of Hi or Sumi patch.
Kuro
Black.
Kurogoi (coo row’goy)
Black carp that was used as food – became the origin of Nishikigoi.
Kutsubera (kat-su-bur-ee)
Tongue or horseshoe shape head pattern.
Kuzugoi (coo-zoo-goy)
Junk koi.
Kyori
Jumbo.

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M

Madoaki (mah’ dough ah’ key)
Window of Shiroji in the Hi plate (a fault).
Maki (ma’ key)
wrap of the pattern below the lateral line of the koi, Hi Maki is desirable in Kohaku and other koi based on a Kohaku pattern and Sui Maki is desirable on Showa Sanshoku.
Magoi (mah-goh-ee)
Wild carp that koi was developed from (Cyprimus carpio).
Maki
Wrap, refers to how a pattern wraps around a fish.
Maruten (ma roo’ ten)
Means crown, round red spot marking on the head (Tancho koi have only one Hi patch, that being the Maruten patch.
Matsuba (maht’ su ba)
Means pinecone, black pattern in centre of scales giving a pinecone or netting pattern.
Me
Eye.
Meisui
‘Water of note’, ie. good water.
Men
Face.
Menkaburi (men’ kah boo ree)
Means hood, Hi extending over the eyes on the head covering most of the head like a hood (undesirable).
Menware (men’ wah reh)
Literally split mask, a bold slash of sumi between the eyes or dividing the face (Hachiware is basically the same as it means dividing the head but on a koi, the head and face are the same).
Mesu
female (mena is also used sometimes).
Midori (meh-dohr-ee)
Green.
Midorigoi (me dough’ ree goy)
Yellow-green, non-metallic koi, could be Doitsu or scaled.
Midori Ogon (me dough’ ree oh’ gone)
Metallic Midorigoi with some Sumi (doitsu only).
Miseba
Focal point, refers to the black markings on the shoulder of a Taisho Sanke.
Mizu
Green coloured koi.
Moto
Base, Original Sumi.
Motoaka (moh toe ah’ ka)
Hi at base of pectoral fins, is desirable in Shusui and Asagi only, about 30% is ideal.
Motoguro (moh toe goo’ row)
Black markings at base of pectoral fins with white at the extremes, ideally about 30% of the fin, should occur only in varieties originating from Karasugoi.
Moyo – (moy oh’)
Pattern or design.
Mudagoke – (moo dah’go key)
Wasteful or extra scales on a Doitsu.
Muji – (moo’ jee)
Solid, single colour.
Muraski
Purple colour.

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N

Nabe Sumi
An unstable flat black pattern.
Narumi (nay-roo-mee)
A medium blue.
Nasu
Eggplant, refers to a type of sumi which is dark and rich, considered the very best sumi.
Nezu/Nezumi (nez-oo)
Grey (literally, ‘mouse’).
Nezu Ogon – (neh’ zoo oh’ gone)
Grey metallic scaled Koi.
Ni (nee)
Two.
Nidan (knee’ dah-n)
A 2 step pattern, a Nidan Kohaku has 2 Hi plates.
Nishikigoi (nee-shee-kee-goh-ee )
translates as fancy carp – Nishiki refers to a coloured cloth or silk (brocade) and ‘goi’ means carp.
Nidan (knee’ dah-n)
A 2 step pattern, a Nidan Kohaku has 2 Hi plates.

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O

Obire
Tail fin.
Ochibashigure (oh’ chee bah she goo reh’)
Means rain on autumn leaves, grey markings on either a brown, yellow or green koi.
Ohmoyo
Large pattern covering most of the top of the fish.
Odome (oh doe’ meh)
The line between the last colour and Shiroji in the tail section (tail stop).
Odome Hi (oh doe’ meh he’)
Red pattern stop on the tail tube section.
Odome Zumi (oh doe’ meh zoo’ me)
Sumi on the tail section.
Ogon (oh’ goh-n)
A single colour koi such as the metallic gold scaled koi variety Yamabuki Ogon.
Oija
Breeders.
Ojima
Black stripe(s) on the caudal fin.
Ojime (O-gee)
Completes the back or last Hi pattern on the tail joint.
Oniison
Brother.
Oneesan
Sister.
Oo-moyou
Large pattern marking, refers to a koi with many (more than 5 step) or large pattern markings that go below the lateral line.
Oranji (ohr-in-jee)
Orange (also seen spelled as Orengi/Orenji).
Osu (Osu)
Male (sometimes kana is used).
Oyagoi (O-ya-gay)
Adult breeder koi.
Oyogu hoseki
Refers to koi as living jewels.
Ozuke
Tail attachment – where the tail fins join the tail tube.
Ozutsu (oh-zoot-sue)
Tail Tube, :…body area behind the dorsal fin, or caudal peduncle.

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P

Peduncle
Area just before the tail.
Pearl Ginrin
A solid sparkling area on each scale, also known as Tsuba-gin or Tama-gin.
Pearl Shusui
A shusui with silver scales.
Platinum Kohaku
A metallic white koi with an overlaying hi pattern. Also known as Kin-fuji.
Platinum Ogon
A metallic white koi, also known as Purachina.
Pongoi
Good quality fish.
Purachina (pra-chin-a)
Platinum, a metallic white koi.

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R

Renzokumoyo
Continuous pattern.
Rin (ren)
A scale, used together with other words such as Gin Rin.
Roku Bu
Size six.

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S

Sabi
Depth of quality of skin.
Sadazo
Sanke line of koi.
Sadazo Sanke
One of the better known Sanke lineages, with bright hi markings and small sumi markings that do not overlap the hi.
Sakura (Sa-kra)
Cherry blossom
Sakura Ogon
A metallic Kanoko Kohaku.
San (sahn)
Three.
Sandan (sahn’ dahn)
Three, eg. A Sandan Kohaku has a 3 step Hi plate pattern.
Sanke (sahn’ keh)
Short form for Taisho Sanshoku or Taisho Sanke – a Kohaku pattern with black spots that do not appear on the head or below the lateral line..Literally ‘tri colour’.
Sansai (sahn’ sigh)
Two year old koi- in the third season of growth.
Sanshoku
Tri coloured.
Sarasa
Red spots on back. Pattern of birds, flowers and geometric patterns.
Sashi (saa’ she)
Short for Sashikomi, the leading edge of the pattern (nearest the head) where the overlap of a white scale over a scale with strong colour (eg. red or black) causes a blurred effect.
Sashi Zumi (sah’ she zoo’ mee)
Leading edge (nearest the head) of a black pattern. where a black scale in underneath another scale causing a dark blur to the edge.
Sensuke
Kohaku line of koi.
Sebire
Dorsal Fin.
Selgya
Adult koi.
Sembetsu
Cull.
Sesame
Unorganized black speckles on red or white base.
Shiki bu
Size seven.
Shimi (she’ me)
Undesirable black spots or scales, occurs on koi with no Sumi pattern.
Shiro (she’ row)
White.
Shiro Bekko
A white koi with black markings.
Shiro Matsuba
A white koi with a black ‘pine cone’ pattern in the scales on the back.
Shiro Utsuri
A black koi with white markings.
Shirogane
An early name for Platinum Ogon.
Shirogoi
White koi.
Shiroji (she row’ jee)
White base.
Shiro Muji (she row’ moo’ jee)
Regular scaled white koi with no pattern.
Showa (show’ wah)
Short for Showa Sanshoku, a black koi with red and white patches.
Shusui (shoe’ swee)
Means autumn colour, a Doitsu Asagi, blue koi with red on the belly and up the sides, clear white head with an indigo or black row of scales on either side of the dorsal fin, may have Motoaka and Hi in the dorsal fin.
Shitsu
Quality or nature of the skin, including white, hi sumi etc.
Shochikubai
A metallic Ai Goromo.
Showa
Black koi with red and white markings.
Showa Shusui
A koi with the strong sumi and pattern of a Showa and the underlying blue of a Shusui.
Shusui
Doitsu Asagi.
Sora (sow rah’)
Sky.
Soragoi (sow rah’ goy)
A grey-blue, non metallic koi.
Sougyo
Mature Koi.
Subo-Sumi (Sue-bo-sue-me)
Black pattern falls on white skin only.
Suki
Windows and light areas within a pattern.
Sumi (sue’ mee)
India black colour, sometimes Zumi when used with another word, a koi with great Sumi has deep black markings .
Sumi-goromo
An Ai-goromo whose koromo pattern is overlaid with solid markings.
Suminagashi
A black koi with scale reticulation in white.

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T

Taikei
Conformation of the body.
Taki
Waterfall.
Taki Sanke
An Asagi whose blue body colour is divided from the red markings on its sides by white line.
Taiko
Tai (body) + Ko (height)
Taisho Sanshoku (tie’ show san’ show coo)
Proper name for Sanke or Taisho Sanke.
Takai (Tak-eye)
Expensive.
Tama-gin
See pearl Ginrin.
Tancho (tahn’ ch-oh)
Means red cap, koi whose only Hi is the round spot on the head, similar to red circle in middle of Japanese flag or a Tancho Crane.
Tategoi (t’at’ eh goy)
Koi with potential for further development to become very good, is not yet finished developing.
Tateshita – (ta-tay-shta)
No longer tategoi
Te (Tay)
Means hand – Refers to the koi’s pectoral fins which are used in a hand like movement for manoeuvring.
Teaka
Red base of pectoral fins on a Kohaku.
Tebire
Pectoral fin.
Tejima
Black stripe(s) on the pectoral fins.
Teri
Gloss or shine to skin.
Tetsu Magoi
Forerunner of the Showa,Chagoi and Ogon lines.
Tetsu
Iron.
Tezumi
Sumi strips in the finnage.
Tobi (toe-bee)
Means jump – refers to fry that jump in size by eating other fry.
Tobihi (toe’ bee he)
An unnecessary red scale that is not part of the pattern –shows as splattered red (a fault).
Toh Hi (toe’ he)
Red on the head.
Tomoin
Kohaku line of koi.
Tora Ogon
Metallic Ki Bekko, ‘tiger’ Ogon.
Torazo
‘Tiger’ Sanke line of koi.
Tosai (toe’sigh)
Koi in the first season of growth (not yet one year old).
Tsubaki Sanke
Aka Sanke with a chain of sumi running the entire length of the koi.
Tsubo (t-sue bow’)
A critical area.
Tsubo Zumi (t-sue bow’ zoo’ me)
Critical Sumi that balances a pattern, may or may not appear on Shiroji – some times defined as Sumi just on the white base but this definition is incorrect.
Tsubu-gin
See Pearl Ginrin.
Tsuya (sue-ya)
Lustre, refers to a non-metallic sheen of koi skin.

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U

Umebachi
Japanese apricot flower shaped marking (i.e. Tancho spot).
Ura
Means reversed, ie. the colours are reversed.
Uroko
Scale.
Uroko Kiwi
Scalloped kiwa, see maruzome.
Urushi
Lacquer, refers to shiny, lacquer – like black markings.
Urushizumi
Jet black, glossy sumi with a hint of blue ( also known as tsuyazumi).
Ushirogiwa (oo she’ row gee’ wah)
The back edge.
Usutsu
Tail tube.
Utsuri (ooht’ sue ree)
Means reflection, black koi with batches of one other colour.
Utsurimono
‘Reflections’ or ‘reflecting ones’; two coloured, ‘black based’ koi, white, red or yellow markings.
Uwappi
Thin hi, no sashi.

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W

Wabi/Sabi
Appearance of depth to the skin of a scaled koi.
Wagoi (wah’ goy)
Fully scaled koi – a Japanese koi as apposed to Doitsugoi.
Wareru
A verb meaning to divide, as in menware.

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Y

Yagozen
Kohaku line of koi, developed in the 1950s.
Yakko (yah’ coh)
Hi on Asagi cheeks.
Yamabuki (yah-mah-boo-kee)
Yellow or a Japonica bush that has yellow flowers .
Yamabuki Hariwake
A silver koi with metallic yellow markings.
Yamabuki Ogon (yah’ ma boo key oh’ gone)
metallic yellow koi.
Yamato
The result of a cross between a Sanke and a Fuji Ogon.
Yamatonishiki
Metallic Sanke.
Yasui (Ya-suey)
Cheap.
Yogyo
Baby koi.
Yon (yahn)
The number 4.
Yon bu
Size four.
Yondan (yahn’ dahn)
Four, a Yondan Kohaku has four Hi plates (4 step pattern).
Yonsai (yoo-hn’ sigh)
Koi in fourth season of growth (between 3 and 4 years old).
Yoroigoi
A koi with large armour scales all over its body.
Yotsushiro
“Five whites’. A black koi with white on the tail, pectoral and dorsal fins and on the head.

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Z

Zen
All.
Zubonhaki
Complete covering of the rear half of the fish with beni.
Zukinkaburi
An early Kohaku with a red forehead.
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