Stepped pattern (the pattern for a colour is not one solid block).
Doh Hi (dough’ he)
Hi on the body.
Doh Zumi (dough’ zoo mee)
Sumi on the body.
Doitsu (doyt’ zoo or dwah-tsoo)
Scale-less – German carp that are not fully scaled, usually with a row of scales along each lateral line and a row on either side of the dorsal fin. Has been crossbread with koi to create new varieties of koi.
A platinum koi with red markings over its body and black markings in the scales along the dorsal and lateral lines only.
Doitsu Yotsushiro (doyt’ zoo yoh-t sue she row)
Origin of Kumonryu; Yotsu means 4, Shiro means white – Koi with 4 white parts: the nose, tail and both pectoral fins.
Relates to the swimming mode of a koi with a deformed body.
Colour of silver, metallic.
Basically a metallic Shiro Bekko.
A black koi whose scales have silver edges. Now rejected as a poor Ogon.
A metallic silver koi with a black ‘pine cone’ (matsuba) pattern in the scales.
Gin Rin (Gen ren)
aka Kin Gin Rin, Glittering white scales
A metallic Shiro Utsuri.
A metallic Showa with a silver lustre.
A black koi with a silver metallic sheen. Now considered valueless.
The more commonly used term for Kinginrin, referring to sparkling scale types.
A metallic Shusui with a silver lustre.
The number five.
A Godan Kohaku has five Hi plates (5 step pattern).
Carp or koi.
‘Sesame’ or scattered sumi.
Gosai (go’ sigh)
5 years old.
Goshiki (go’ she key)
Means 5 colours, Kohaku with blue net pattern on Shiroji and Hi, some Goshiki only have net on the Shirji, read and blues overlap into purples particularly on the head, non-metallic and this different from Kujyaku.
A Doitsu, non metallic blue Goshiki.
This koi has a cherry blossom pattern, the Hi is dappled and looks like clusters of graps.
The number one – not used as an age indicator but used in words like Ichiban which refers to the best or #1 or something.
Chequered pattern. (ee’ chee maht sue) – Checkerd pattern.
Inazuma (een a zoo’ ma)
Japanese for lightning strike, continuous pattern extending from the lead to the tail that is zigzagged and looks like a lightening strike Ipponhi (ee pohn’ hee) – One long unbroken Hi plate (no other Hi step on the koi).
Ipponhi (ee pohn’ hee)
One long unbroken Hi plate (no other Hi step on the koi).
Shade, shadow or phantom pattern that appear where Sumi is unexpected, often seen as a dark greyish centre on a white scale.
Hidden black which promises an even more stunning pattern waiting to emerge.
Kanoko (kah’ no coh)
A dappled pattern with red centres in scales, can appear in many varieties.
Karasu (or Karasugoi) (kah’ rah sue)
The crow or black Nishikigoi with no white (sometimes used to refer to black base).
Kasane Sumi (Kah-sahn-ay soo-mee)
Black on shiro, not on Hi (also seen described as on Hi).
Kata (kah tah)
Pattern only on one side the fish.
Kata Zumi (kah tah’ zoo me)
Sumi patch or patches on the shoulders.
Koi that show a finished pattern early.
Doitsu with only scales on the dorsal line.
Kawari mono (kah-wah-ree-moh-noh)
Unusual or different koi.
Yellow, used for non-metallic yellow such as Ki Ogon.
Kigoi (key goy’)
Solid yellow non-metallic koi.
Kikokuryu (key coh coo’ dru)
Kikusui ( kee coo’ swee)
Doitsu Platinum koi with a Hi pattern, means a ‘Chrysanhemum in water’, is the same as a Doitsu Hariwake with red markings or a metallic Doitsu Kohaku.
Colour of gold, metallic, like the shinny skin of a Yamabuki Ogon.
Kin Ki Utsuri (keen’ key ooht’ sue ree)
Metallic black koi with gold markings where the gold can range in colour from yellow to red.
Kin rin (kin rin)
Kin Showa (keen’ show’ wa)
Metallic Showa Sanshoku.
Kiwa (key wa’)
Sharpness of all the edges of the pattern – sometimes just referred to as the back edge of the pattern.
Kohaku (coh’ ha coo)
White koi with red patches.
Koishi (Koi’ she)
Line of scales.
Kokesuki (coh kes’ sue key)
Lighter area in the Hi plate due to an injury or loss of a scale, a fault.
Best in size.
Koromo (ko’ row mow)
Means robed, Kohaku with net pattern on the Hi plates, eg. Aigoromo has blue net. (when the word is used alone, it start with a ‘K’, but when used in conjuction with a word like Ai, it starts with ‘G’.
Kuchi (coo’ chee)
Mouth or lips.
Kuchibeni (coo’ chee ben ee)
Red colour on the lips/mouth, just like lipstick.
Kuchi Zui (coo’ chee zoo’ me)
Sumi on the mouth.
Kujaku (coo-jah coo)
Means peacock – Kohaku pattern over Gin Matsuba, metallic Goshiki.
Kumonryu (ku mohn’ drue)
Means dragon, Doitsu black koi with random white patterns, patterns change continuously until mature.
Kuragake (coo rah’gah key)
Saddle shaped, referring to shape of Hi or Sumi patch.
Kurogoi (coo row’goy)
Black carp that was used as food – became the origin of Nishikigoi.
One of the better known Sanke lineages, with bright hi markings and small sumi markings that do not overlap the hi.
A metallic Kanoko Kohaku.
Sandan (sahn’ dahn)
Three, eg. A Sandan Kohaku has a 3 step Hi plate pattern.
Sanke (sahn’ keh)
Short form for Taisho Sanshoku or Taisho Sanke – a Kohaku pattern with black spots that do not appear on the head or below the lateral line..Literally ‘tri colour’.
Sansai (sahn’ sigh)
Two year old koi- in the third season of growth.
Red spots on back. Pattern of birds, flowers and geometric patterns.
Sashi (saa’ she)
Short for Sashikomi, the leading edge of the pattern (nearest the head) where the overlap of a white scale over a scale with strong colour (eg. red or black) causes a blurred effect.
Sashi Zumi (sah’ she zoo’ mee)
Leading edge (nearest the head) of a black pattern. where a black scale in underneath another scale causing a dark blur to the edge.
Kohaku line of koi.
Unorganized black speckles on red or white base.
Shimi (she’ me)
Undesirable black spots or scales, occurs on koi with no Sumi pattern.
Shiro (she’ row)
A white koi with black markings.
A white koi with a black ‘pine cone’ pattern in the scales on the back.
A black koi with white markings.
An early name for Platinum Ogon.
Shiroji (she row’ jee)
Shiro Muji (she row’ moo’ jee)
Regular scaled white koi with no pattern.
Showa (show’ wah)
Short for Showa Sanshoku, a black koi with red and white patches.
Shusui (shoe’ swee)
Means autumn colour, a Doitsu Asagi, blue koi with red on the belly and up the sides, clear white head with an indigo or black row of scales on either side of the dorsal fin, may have Motoaka and Hi in the dorsal fin.
Quality or nature of the skin, including white, hi sumi etc.
A metallic Ai Goromo.
Black koi with red and white markings.
A koi with the strong sumi and pattern of a Showa and the underlying blue of a Shusui.
Sora (sow rah’)
Soragoi (sow rah’ goy)
A grey-blue, non metallic koi.
Black pattern falls on white skin only.
Windows and light areas within a pattern.
Sumi (sue’ mee)
India black colour, sometimes Zumi when used with another word, a koi with great Sumi has deep black markings .
An Ai-goromo whose koromo pattern is overlaid with solid markings.